28 February 2016

Forget the Dictionary! Create Your Own Dictionary

create your own dictionary

When it comes to learning a new language, some learners like dictionaries. They read them. They treasure them. They worry about getting the best possible dictionary. Some people even like monolingual dictionaries, in other words dictionaries that explain the meaning of a foreign language word in the language that they are learning. But what is the best method for me?

I don’t like using traditional dictionaries. Using them is like one-way love. I put a lot of effort into looking words up. I think things are fine when looking at the meaning in the dictionary, but as soon as I close the dictionary very little remains. I’ve already forgotten what I just read. I’m left feeling empty. With the ability to create your own dictionary, you could be wasting time.

Things are even worse with a monolingual dictionary, since the explanation of the meaning of the word I am looking up often contains words that I don’t know. I would have to look up those other words in order to understand the explanation, and that explanation may also have words that I don’t know. I don’t want to spend my study time leafing through a dictionary. I just want to go in and out, as fast as possible.

Of course I need a dictionary to help me read new and difficult texts in another language, especially at the beginning. I often have to look up the same word more than once since I forget the translation so quickly. So, in my view, the less time you spend to looking things up in a traditional dictionary the better.

So what I do, at least at the early stages of learning a language, is to just read online and use online dictionaries. In this way I get instant explanations and translations that help me through the text I’m reading. I can just stay focused on the meaning of what I’m reading, and not focused on the traditional dictionaries. You can create your own dictionary.

When reading away from the computer I simply let the unknown words go by me. I ignore them with the knowledge that if I continue reading, mostly online, I will eventually come across these words again and either understand them, or look them up online. Traditional dictionaries are simply too time consuming and inefficient. You need to create your own dictionary.

But even reading online and using an online dictionary is not enough. I want the feeling that that the words I looked up are not lost. I may want to be able to review them occasionally. I even want to be reminded that I have seen them before. What I need is a dynamic database of my new words and phrases, linked to real examples of these words in use, related to my reading and listening, hopefully consisting of real or authentic content.

What I mean by real content is anything that I’m genuinely interested in, not just learner content, written for language learners. By staying engrossed in meaningful content, I learn languages, and new vocabulary, faster than by focusing on the dictionary. The dictionary is just a tool to enable me to learn from my listening and reading.

It was my frustration over conventional learning material, with relatively uninteresting content, that caused me to develop LingQ. I was faced with a choice. If I used learner material, I had access to a glossary or word list. But referring to the word list, often on another page, was a distraction from my reading. It seemed that many of the words I wanted to know were not on the list, while words that I knew were there. On the other hand, reading things of interest to me was usually too difficult.

You can create your own dictionary!

At LingQ I can either find something of interest in the LingQ library or import something of interest from another source. I can save new words and phrases to my personal database for later study. The saved words or phrases, called LingQs, provide an explanation and translation. These LingQs are then highlighted for me when they appear in other texts later on. I can use Flash Cards and other tools to review them. Furthermore, these LingQs help create the statistics that track my learning activity and progress while I just focus on listening to and reading content of interest.

I like my language learning to be efficient and effective! I really don’t have a lot of time to devote to the language, maybe an hour or so a day.I want that time to be spent enjoyably, so that I will stay with it, and efficiently. I feel that whenever I take time away from listening, reading or speaking, such as when I am reading the dictionary, I’m not using my time efficiently, and certainly not enjoyably. But that’s just me, and it is up to each person to find their own way. On the other hand, I have learned 15 languages, including 7 since the age of 60.

3 Comments

  1. Wendy Purdie
    Posted March 3, 2016 at 4:37 pm | Permalink

    I am interested in how you set up your dynamic database. As I too find it frustrating that I forget what I have just read in a dictionary.
    Regards Wendy

    • Posted March 11, 2016 at 2:04 pm | Permalink

      LingQ looks after my personal database of words and phrases. Cheers.

  2. Andrea
    Posted March 4, 2016 at 6:37 am | Permalink

    I prefer using online dictionaries too because it is faster. I’d like to pass on a learning tip which worked for me in the early phase of learning a language. Using a bound composition book, I created a notebook which was divided into sections based on how the words were linguistically used in sentences. Section headings were parts of speech such as verbs, articles, prepositions, adverbs, adjectives and nouns were divided again by subject (i.e. Foods, furniture, transportation etc). I treated it, not as a dictionary, but as a running word list written in the foreign language without any English equivalent. As a tactile and visual learner, the process of entering the word in the appropriate section helped me remember it. Writing the word or groups of words wherever I wanted on the page helped to create a visual memory. A grammar section was added showing learned sentence patterns to help understand and practice new sentence forms. The lack of English equivalents reduced distraction and dependence on the home language. The notebook became a meaningful way to look up, review or practice vocabulary. Supplementing the notebook with a digital spreadsheet would be helpful for reference when the notebook fills up. Even better might be to incorporate some of these ideas into Lingq where one could access specific groups of words for study. Lingq is great product. Thank you

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